資訊科技涉入度與學習成效之探討-以資訊科技採用意圖為中介變數

 

A Study on the Information Technology Involvement and Learning EffectivenessInformation Technology Adoption Intention as Mediating Variables

 

曾淑美

義守大學資訊管理學系

高雄市大樹區學城路一段一號

y97576@isu.edu.tw

 

林吉村

義守大學資訊管理研究所

高雄市大樹區學城路一段一號

tch1689999@gmail.com

 

 

摘要

由於資訊科技的快速發展,使學生獲得知識的來源不再只是侷限於教科書或課堂上。有鑑於此,教育部從1962年起便開始在校園中極力推動資訊教育,以培養提升學生與教師之資訊素養。此外,各縣市教育局也針對教師不斷舉辦與資訊科技有關的研習,希望藉此提升教師的資訊應用能力,更期望教師能將資訊科技應用於教學上,以提升學生的學習成效。經過多年的努力,雖然校園中已充實了不少資訊科技基礎建設。然而,教師應用資訊科技於教學上對學生的學習成效是否真有提升的效果呢?引發了學者的極力關注雖然過去有很多專家學者已探討資訊科技應用於教學上的成效,但鮮少研究從涉入度的角度出發來探討資訊科技涉入度、資訊科技採用意圖和學生學習成效之間的關係。因此,本研究以資訊科技採用意圖為中介變數,以探討教師資訊科技涉入度與學生學習成效之間的關係。研究結果顯示,教師的資訊科技涉入度不但會正向影響其資訊科技應用在教學上的意圖,也會對學生的學習成效產生顯著的影響。同時,本研究更進一步發現,教師資訊科技採用意圖對教師資訊科技涉入度與學生的學習成效之間具有顯著的中介效果。

 

關鍵詞:涉入度、資訊科技、採用意圖、學習成效

 

Abstract

The rapid development of information technology (IT) has enabled students to gain knowledge from myriad of sources—not just from textbooks or school. In view of the above, the Ministry of Education has been promoting information education in schools since 1962 in order to enhance information literacy of students and teachers. Besides, there have been relevant seminars for teachers held by the Education Bureaus that aim to upgrade the application of IT capability of the teachers. Hopefully, teachers can apply IT to promote students’ learning effectiveness. After many years, although there are a lot of information technology instructure on campuses. However, scholars focus on whether the learning effectiveness of students derives from the teachers who apply IT on class. Abundant discussion has been made about the application of IT on the learning effectiveness. But the relationships among the IT involvement, IT adoption intention, and learning effectiveness based on perspective of involvement have not yet been thoroughly discussed. Hence, this research uses the IT adoption intention as a mediate variable to explore the relationship between the IT involvement and learning effectiveness. The results showed that the IT involvement has positively affects not only on IT adoption intention but also on the learning effectiveness. Furthermore, the IT adoption intention is an obvious mediator effect on the IT involvement and learning effectiveness.

 

Keywords: Involvement, Information Technology, Adoption Intention, Learning Effectiveness