資訊教育對資訊素養與資訊倫理的影響以國小六年級學生為例

 

The Influence of Information Education on Information Literacy and Information Ethics—Using Sixth Grade Students of Elementary School as an Example

 

曾淑美

義守大學資訊管理學系

高雄市大樹鄉學城路一段一號

y97576@isu.edu.tw

 

Shu-Mei Tseng

Department of Information Management, I-Shou University

No.1, Sec. 1, Syuecheng Rd., Dashu District, Kaohsiung City 84001,Taiwan, R.O.C.

y97576@isu.edu.tw

 

黃慧真

義守大學資訊管理研究所

高雄市大樹鄉學城路一段一號

h16911945@gmail.com

 

Hui-Zhen Huang

Department of Information Management, I-Shou University

No.1, Sec. 1, Syuecheng Rd., Dashu District, Kaohsiung City 84001,Taiwan, R.O.C.

h16911945@gmail.com

 

 

摘要

隨著資訊科技的蓬勃發展,使得網路使用者年齡逐漸下降,其中國小學童上網的比率更是愈來愈高。因此,如何透過資訊教育的養成,以提升國小學童之資訊素養與資訊倫理,已成當務之急。然而,目前國內有關資訊教育、資訊素養與資訊倫理的研究,大部分都是以國、高中和大學生為研究對象,較少針對國小學童進行深入探討。因此,本研究擬以問卷調查法,探討國小學童所接受的資訊教育對於他們的資訊素養及資訊倫理的提升是否有助益,以作為日後國小資訊課程改進的參考。研究結果顯示,資訊教育對國小學童的資訊素養及資訊倫理有著顯著的影響。同時,本研究更發現國小學童家中是否有人能指導學生正確使用電腦,對學童的資訊教育、資訊素養及資訊倫理皆有著顯著的影響。由此可知,國小學童資訊教育、資訊素養及資訊倫理的提升,必須有賴學校、家長與學生共同的努力。

 

關鍵詞:資訊教育、資訊素養、資訊倫理

 

Abstract

The age of Internet users has gradually declined due to the rapid development of information technology. The ratio of elementary school students with Internet access has been increasing. Therefore, this shows that enhancing information literacy and information ethics by means of information education has become an urgent need. However, the current research on information technology, information literacy, and information ethics in Taiwan mostly focus on students at the level of junior and senior high schools and university. There are still a few in-depth studies of sixth grade of elementary students. This research applies questionnaire method to investigate whether the information education for sixth grades students of elementary school will impact their information literacy and information ethics. The results showed that the information education had a significant impact on the information literacy and information ethics. Simultaneously, this research also discovered that whether elementary school students have someone who can guide them while using computers in their home had a significant influence on their degree of information education, information literacy, and information ethics. Therefore, it can be concluded that the enhancement of information education, information literacy, and information ethics in elementary school students should rely on the efforts from the school, parents, and students themselves.

 

Keywords: Information education, Information literacy, Information ethics