結合RFID之高速公路電子收費的認證與隱私權保護系統

 

Constructing a RFID-Combined Authentication and Privacy Protected ETC system

 

葉禾田、黃翊豪

南台科技大學資訊傳播系

南台街1

台南市710永康區

htyeh@mail.stust.edu.tw

 

Her-Tyan Yeh, Yi-Hao Huang

Dept. of Information and Communication, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology

No. 1, Nan-Tai Street, Yungkang Dist.,

710 Tainan, Taiwan

htyeh@mail.stust.edu.tw

 

 

摘要

資訊科技的跨領域結合應用是現今的潮流。近年來,無線射頻辨識系統(Radio Frequency Identification,以下簡稱RFID)發展快速,以RFID 結合電子收費更是目前及未來發展的一大趨勢。目前國內高速公路仍是以人工收費為主,車輛進出收費站時容易因時間延宕造成塞車或人為疏忽,造成駕駛人的不便,即每經過收費站就進行一次收費,此收費方式對大多數駕駛人較為不公平。基於使用者付費在行駛里程數與人工收費效益不佳的缺點,本研究以RFID 系統與無線網路結合後端資料庫建立自動化系統,架構出一套具備交易安全性、使用便利性、付費公平性之高速公路電子收費的認證與隱私權保護系統。

此系統不僅具備個人隱私保護及資料安全之特性,駕駛人在上路前不必事先花費時間購買回數票或將易通卡儲值,整個電子交易過程可以有效且清楚的記錄駕駛人交易資料,並將費用以月結的方式結合於每月的行動通訊裝置帳單

 

關鍵詞: RFID、電子收費系統、行蹤隱私、認證。

 

Abstract

Cross-integration application for information technologies is nowadays tide. In recent years, radio frequency identification, known as RFID, has been rapidly developed, and it is a trend that combine electronic toll collection and RFID in future advancement. The domestic highway was still by the manual charge. The vehicles waste more time to pass the toll station because the probable traffic jam, and it is inconvenient for the drivers. Besides, the charge is unfair for most drivers by how many toll stations passed. To improve this low efficiency, this study combines RFID system and wireless network to construct a secure, easy to use, and pay fair automatic electronic toll collection system.