線上遊戲犯罪模式分析之實證研究

An Empirical Study on Online Gaming Crime Patterns

 

陳志誠

大同大學資訊經營系所

chenps@ttu.edu.tw

 

柯巧心

台北市警察局資訊室

heartlet@hotmail.com

 

陳巧珮

大同大學資訊經營所

mayday0413@hotmail.com

 

摘要

近年來線上遊戲已被消費大眾,特別是青少年族群所青睞。但是由線上遊戲所衍生的問題不斷產生,線上遊戲成為網路犯罪者的主要目標,不但破壞了全球網路虛擬世界的秩序,也深深影響到現實社會的安寧、甚至於人身財產的安全,值得我們深入探討與研究。為瞭解台灣線上遊戲犯罪問題之現況,本研究藉由蒐集台灣20022009年共八年來的線上遊戲犯罪案例,進行線上遊戲犯罪的實證研究。其次,本研究也將將線上遊戲犯罪依不同犯罪手法歸納為五大類: 「身分竊盜」、「線上遊戲詐欺」、「利用工具」、「利用遊戲或系統漏洞」、「由線上遊戲所衍生之傳統犯罪手法與其它」等五項作為本研究犯罪模式初步分析之範疇。再針對各類型的典型個案進行分析,進一步了解各類型犯罪之特性、手法與流程後,建構初步的線上遊戲犯罪模式。另外,新增「複合式攻擊」犯罪類型,並在「線上遊戲詐欺」犯罪類型下再新增「網路釣魚」一小類,建構出更為完整的線上遊戲犯罪模式。最後,我們針對政策法規、安全技術、教育宣導和犯罪偵查等四個構面提出策進建議。目前針對線上遊戲犯罪的相關理論及研究相對缺乏,本研究適足以補足這方面文獻的不足,期盼未來在實務上對犯罪預防與偵查有所幫助。

 

關鍵字:線上遊戲、網路犯罪、線上遊戲犯罪、犯罪模式、犯罪手法

 

Abstract

In recent years online games are greatly beloved by the public, especially the young generation. Unfortunately, many security problems accompany the development of online gaming, not only demolishing the order of the Internet, but becoming the main target of computer criminals. This phrenomenon deserves our special attention because online gaming is affecting our daily life and online gaming crime is threatening our personal and social security. In order to explore the reality of online gaming crime, we analyze online gaming criminal cases from 2002 to 2008 in Taiwan and conduct an empirical study. We classify online gaming crimes according to their modus operandi in five patterns of identity theft, online gaming fraud, crime through instruments, crime through system vulnerability, and crime through traditional criminal methods. We discussed in great details these five preliminary online gaming crime patterns based on crime characteristics, methods and process. Through interviews with academicians and criminal investigators, we added a hybrid criminal pattern into our research framework. In addition, they suggested phishing as a special criminal method under online gaming fraud. With the knowledge we obtained in this research, we proposed security controls from four aspects of policy, techniques, education and investigation. Since online gaming crimes are rarely mentioned in the literature, this study is of reference value for researchers and criminal investigators.

 

Key words: On-line game, network crime, on-line game crime, crime pattern,                             crime technique