Posting One’s Naked Self-Pictures to InternetOn The Regulation of Obscene Speech and Criminal Law §235.

 

廖淑君

世新大學法律研究所 研究生

四維街10334

台北縣234永和市

jolie_liao@ms90.url.com.tw

 

摘要

網路使用者基於身體自主權,透過各種拍攝工具自我拍攝並將涉及人體曝露、性器官或男女性行為的自拍品上傳至網路上的行為,並不一定會該當於刑法第235條所定的犯罪,其主要取決於網路自拍品是否為猥褻品以及網路使用者透過網路傳佈其自拍品的行為是否該當於刑法第235條所定的傳佈型態;其次,以表達自我為目的的網路自拍品,客觀上雖可能會被認定為猥褻性言論,但考量實現個人自我為保障言論自由之目的之一,此種網路自拍應該受憲法言論自由之保障,惟面臨青少年身心發展之議題時,其可能必須受到限制;另一方面,各界對於網路自拍的看法所反應的是長期對於是否有必要規範猥褻性言論並將其入罪化的辯論,本文認為除了避免冒犯到那些不願看到該言論的人以及青少年身心發展的維護外,網路自拍更加地突顯出以公序良俗、刺激性犯罪、性別歧視等理由規範猥褻性言論的不合理性。如果以避免冒犯到不願看到猥褻性言論者以及青少年身心發展的維護為目的,刑法第235條全面性地禁止猥褻性言論的作法似乎範圍過廣、目的與手段不相當。建議將刑法第235條的犯罪成立要件限縮於散布、播送、販賣、陳列猥褻性言論予未滿18歲者以及不願看到該言論者,或考量廢除刑法第235條之規定,由行政罰處罰即可。

 

關鍵詞:自拍、猥褻性言論、刑法第235條。

 

Abstract

It will not be necessarily illegal if an internet user uploads his naked self-pictures on websites. It depends on whether the self-picture is the so-called obscene speech and whether his behavior violates Sec. 235 of Criminal Law. And, since the speech to realize the individual self-fulfillment or self-expression is protected by the free speech clause, the naked self-pictures token and uploaded to the internet for the sake of the individual self-fulfillment or self-expression shall be protected by the constitution even though its content is the picture of the naked body. However, the interest of protecting the freedom speech right of that internet user might be outweighed by that of protecting the mental development of the children and teenagers. On the other hand, the critiques or opinions on the internet user’s uploading his naked self-pictures/videos on websites reflect the long-term argument on the issue whether we shall impose the criminal penalty on the production and dissemination of the obscene speech. To some extent, it is not plausible to criminalize the production and dissemination of the obscene speech because it violates the moralities of the society, possibly stimulates the sexual crimes and discriminates women. Also, if the end of criminal law §235 is to keep the healthy metal development of teenagers and children and to keep obscene speech away from those who are not willing to see that speech, its means prohibiting both the production and dissemination of obscene speech broadly is not proper to its goal. Therefore, it is argued that Criminal Law §235 shall be amended. Or it will be better to decriminalize the production and dissemination of the obscene speech and regulate it by administrative regulations whose goal is to protect the mental development of teenagers and children and to discourage the obscene speech from being an offense to those who are unwilling to see it.

 

Keywords: self-pictureobscene speechCriminal Law §235.