網路著作權的合理使用原則概觀

The Doctrine of Fair Use of Copyright on the Internet

 

陳俊宏

警政署法制室

台北市忠孝東段一段七號

scott160@npa.gov.tw

 

呂豐足

中央警察大學通識教育中心

桃園縣龜山鄉大崗村樹人路五十六號

ftleu@sun4.cpu.edu.tw

 

摘要

 

何謂合理使用?在著作權法的「合理使用原則」之下,即使未經著作權人之允許而重製、改編及散布仍是可以的。惟如何判斷係屬合理使用原則乃是一件困難的事,因為它既沒有明確的標準,亦沒有固定且可快速辨別的規則,因此每一個案都必須視個案情形作具體事實認定之。網路著作權的型態如轉寄電子郵件、從網頁上下載檔案資料、歌曲或將有著作權的圖片掃描上網等等是否可以主張合理使用?很多人誤以為只要不是商業性質的使用,就是合理使用,其實不然。因此,網路著作權的合理使用問題很多,本文將介紹合理使用的由來,並爰引國內、外之案例加以說明,並探討網路著作權合理使用的判斷要素。

 

關鍵詞:合理使用原則、著作權、網際網路、重製、公開傳播

 

ABSTRACT

 

What is the fair use? To duplicate, modify or disseminate a copyright work is permitted without permission of its author base on the doctrine of fair use.  The difficulty is, how to judge the fact of the fair use doctrine? There is no quick rule or standard for. Each case must be decided on the basis of its unique facts and circumstances. Internet conduct, such as forwarding e-mail messages, downloading content from Web pages, trading files, sampling a song, or scanning and uploading copyright pictures is common, but does it obtain “fair use”? Many people mistakenly believe that as long as the product is not for commercial use, it doesn’t conflict to “fair use”. However, this is not true. There are a lot of questions need to be clarified. This paper introduces of the derivation of “fair use” and illustrates real cases happened around the world. Furthermore, to discuss the determinants of fair use of copyright on the internet for researchers.

 

Keywordsthe doctrine of fair usecopyrightinternetcopypublic transmission