著作權法因應網際網路公開傳播之探討

Public Transmission of Copyright Law on the Internet

 

呂豐足

中央警察大學通識教育中心

桃園縣龜山鄉大崗村樹人路56

ftleu@sun4.cpu.edu.tw

 

陳俊宏

警政署電信警察隊

台北市信義路三段11118

tpc004@dgt.gov.tw

 

摘要

 

經濟部智慧財產局為促進資訊傳播與電子商務之蓬勃發展,提昇著作人於數位化網際網路科技環境中之保護,以符合國際著作權法制之發展趨勢,乃依據實務經驗,認為現行著作權法仍有修正及釐清之必要,爰擬訂「著作權法部分條文修正草案」。其中,增訂「公開傳播權」並修正公開播送之定義。本文擬就修正條文中之「公開傳播」、「互動式傳播」及「對公眾提供」等相關定義及適用內涵作一探討。 所謂「公開傳播」,係指基於公眾接收訊息為目的,以有線電或無線電向公眾傳達著作內容,包括公開播送、互動式傳播、對公眾提供或其他傳播;「互動式傳播」,指回應接收訊息之公眾於其所自行選定之時間或地點之要求,自動地對其傳達著作內容,包括於互動式傳播前,使著作成為可被傳播之情形,但公開播送不在此限;「對公眾提供」,指著作內容於互動式傳播前,使其成為可被傳播之情形。
關鍵詞:網路、著作權、公開傳播、互動式傳播、對公眾提供、公開播送

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Intellectual Property Office recently released draft amendments to the Copyright Law. The amendments are intended to promote the distribution of information, the development of electronic commerce, increase protection for authors in the digital internet age, and conform to international trends in copyright law. The draft amendments add a right of public transmission and revise the definitions of public broadcast and public performance .  "Public transmission" means to communicate to the public the contents of a work by wire or wireless, where such communication is for the purpose of public reception of information. It includes public broadcast, interactive transmission, making available to the public, or other transmission. "Interactive transmission" means to communicate the contents of a work to public recipients of information at a time or place individually chosen by them in response to a request by them. It includes causing the work to assume a transmittable form prior to interactive transmission; provided, this limitation shall not apply to public broadcast. "Making available to the public" means to cause a work to assume a transmittable form prior to interactive transmission.
KEYWORDS
internetcopyrightpublic transmissioninteractive transmissionmaking available to the publicpublic broadcast