電腦犯罪特性分析之研究

 

Analysis of Computer Crime Characteristics

 

廖有祿

中央警察大學資訊管理學系

桃園縣龜山鄉大崗村樹人路56

Email: ylliaw@sun4.cpu.edu.tw

 

You-lu, Liao

Department of Information Management, Central Police University
Gueishan 333, Taoyuan, TAIWAN

Email: ylliaw@sun4.cpu.edu.tw

 

摘要

根據犯罪特性分析,電腦犯罪以散布色情及侵害著作最多,犯罪地點以住宅為主,破案件數有逐漸增多趨勢,犯罪期間會持續到被發現為止,動機則以圖利為主。犯罪者屬性以男性為主,大多單獨進行,年齡偏低,職業以學生和無業者最多,教育程度大多在專科以上,犯罪紀錄多屬初犯,居住地以都市為主,且有不少殘障人士涉案。刑事司法體系處理情形目前仍集中在少數單位,處理結果明顯有漏斗效應,且判處刑罰均不重,緩刑或易科罰金比率甚高,但科處罰金額度卻相當高。

 

關鍵詞:電腦犯罪、網路犯罪、特性分析、刑事司法體系

 

Abstract

According to the analysis of crime characteristics, the majority of computer crime is distribution of pornography and copyright infringement. The crime scene is mainly residence. The broken cases are increasing, and the criminals will continue until being discovered. The motivation is mainly for profit. The offenders are mainly male, and always proceed solely. The average age is quite low; profession is mainly student and unemployment. The average level of education is higher than college, and the criminal record is first offense. Residence is mainly urban, and there are many handicaps involved. The cases are currently proceeded in few criminal justice agencies. The funnel effect emerges obviously, and the punishment is quite lenient, but the ratio of probation and fines is high.

 

Keywords: computer crime, Internet crime, characteristic analysis, criminal justice system