行動電話犯罪偵查資料探勘與量測模式

 

Investigative Data Mining and Measurement Model for the Mobile Phone Crimes


                             

賴森堂

屏東商業技術學院資訊科技系

民生東路51號

屏東市900

stlai@npic.edu.tw

林宜隆

中央警察大學資訊管理學系

大崗村樹人路56

桃園縣龜山鄉333

illin@www.im.cpu.edu.tw

 

摘要

利用電話進行恐嚇取財與綁票勒索等犯罪行為,一直都是文明社會下的一種犯罪方式,這種犯罪方式隨著無線通訊時代的來臨而有了改變,具備高度機動性的行動電話,只要配合基地台(Base Station)的架設,任何地點都可以使用行動電話發話,而且發話的地點不易暴露,因此,經常被歹徒拿來當作協助犯案的工具,對社會治安造成重大的威脅,如何有效遏止行動電話的犯罪行為,成為一項值得探討的議題。本文將以行動電話犯罪為研究案例,除將針對行動電話常有的犯罪型態進行分析探討外,更深入剖析行動電話通聯紀錄(Call Record),且提出一套行動電話犯罪偵查資料探勘模式,以有效的搜尋、擷取、解譯、推導與篩選各類型的犯罪偵查資料。此外,為確保探勘模式所蒐集的犯罪偵查資料都是具有高品質與高實用性的資料,本文提出一套行動電話犯罪偵查資料品質量測模式,從加強犯罪偵查資料品質來提昇犯罪偵查作業的效率。

 

Abstract

Using the telephone to intimidate, threaten and extort the victim is always a crime behavior in civilization society. However, the crime behavior has some changes for the wireless communication age coming. Mobile phone has high mobility and high privacy. Any place which has installed the base station, the mobile phone can be called. Therefore, mobile phone usually becomes the crime tool of the evil fellows. Using the mobile phone to intimidate, threaten and extort the victim is a crime behavior to endanger the public security. How to curb the crime behavior that uses the mobile phase as the crime tool becomes a major and valuable topic for deep survey. This research focuses on specific case study of crime regarding the use of mobile phone and analysis various crime types accordingly, in addition, to collect related operation and criteria for police detect the crime of using mobile phone. We also discuss the call record of mobile phone to help the police to detect the criteria. The abstract of the message in call record can be used to help the crime detection and be the important evidence to arrest the suspect. In this paper, the operations of investigative data searching, retrieval, interpretation, deduction and selection will be applied to propose an investigative data mining model. In addition, for controlling the quality of investigative data and improving the operation of crime detection, an investigative data quality measurement model will be proposed. Data mining model and quality measurement model can complement each other and enhance efficency and quality of mobile phone crime detection.

 

關鍵行動電話犯罪、通聯紀錄、偵查作業、資料探勘模式、品質量測模式。